This article develops the concept of fitnah and its bearing on freedom of expression. It puts together information from the unconsolidated source materials of the Shariah in a manner reflecting the interest and style of a modern student of comparative law. It also develops the theme that modern interpretations of seditious speech and conduct have done much to restrict the scope and susbtance of the freedom of expression.......... Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 10, no. 2 (1993), pp 17-41.